China’s foreign minister has defended detention camps in Xinjiang and Hong Kong’s new security law on his first European tour since the coronavirus pandemic erupted.
Wang Yi brushed off human rights concerns by European countries and cautioned against interference in Chinese affairs during a visit designed to try and revive trade and relations strained by the resulting global health and economic crisis.
Speaking in Paris on Sunday, Mr Wang repeated the claim that all those sent to re-education centres in Xinjiang had been released and placed in employment – even as rights groups and families report on continuing detentions of the region’s Uighur Muslims and the loss of contact with loved ones.
“The rights of all trainees in the education and training program, though their minds have been encroached by terrorism and extremism, have been fully guaranteed,” he told a conference at the French Institute of International Relations.
“Now all of them have graduated, there is no-one in the education and training centre now. They all have found jobs.”
The Chinese government has detained an estimated one million or more members of ethnic Turkic minorities in Xinjiang, holding them in internment camps and prisons where they are subjected to ideological discipline, forced to denounce their religion and language and physically abused.
China has long suspected the Uighurs, who are mostly Muslim, of harbouring separatist tendencies because of their distinct culture, language and religion.
Asked about Hong Kong’s security law, Mr Wang said: “We certainly couldn’t sit idly by and let the chaos go on, so we enacted a law maintaining national security that specifically suited Hong Kong’s situation.”
The law is seen by many as Beijing’s boldest move yet to break down legal barriers between the semi-autonomous territory of Hong Kong and the mainland’s authoritarian Communist Party system.
Mr Wang called both issues internal Chinese affairs and said foreign powers should not interfere.
At a meeting on Friday with Mr Wang, French President Emmanuel Macron expressed “his strong concern about the situation in Hong Kong, and around human rights, notably the Uighurs, and the need for China to respect its international commitments,” according to the European leader’s office.
Foreign minister Jean-Yves Le Drian raised similar concerns, as did officials on other legs of Mr Wang’s Europe trip, which includes Italy, the Netherlands, Norway and Germany.
His visit also included discussion of trade and fighting climate change.