Plant-based products that do not contain meat can continue to be labelled “sausages” or “burgers”, European politicians have said.
In votes on issues relating to agricultural products, the European Parliament said that so-called veggie burgers, soy steaks and vegan sausages can continue to be sold as such in restaurants and shops across the union.
Europe’s largest farmers’ association, Copa-Cogeca, had supported a ban, arguing that labelling vegetarian substitutes with designations that brought meat to mind was misleading for consumers.
#FutureofCAP: MEPs rejected all proposals to reserve meat-related names for products containing meat. No change for plant-based products & names they currently use when being sold. Final #EPlenary vote on #CAPreform later today.— AGRI Committee Press (@EP_Agriculture) October 23, 2020
On the opposite side of the debate, a group of 13 organisations – including Greenpeace and WWF – urged the politicians to reject the proposed amendments, arguing that a ban would have not only exposed the EU “to ridicule”, but also damaged its environmental credibility.
They said promoting a shift towards a more plant-based diet is in line with the EU Commission’s ambition to tackle global warming.
Losing the ability to use the terms steak or sausage might make those plant-based products more obscure for consumers.
After the vote, the European Consumer Organisation, an umbrella group bringing together consumers’ associations, praised the MEPs for their “common sense”.
“Consumers are in no way confused by a soy steak or chickpea-based sausage, so long as it is clearly labelled as vegetarian or vegan,” the group said in a statement.
“Terms such as ‘burger’ or ‘steak’ on plant-based items simply make it much easier for consumers to know how to integrate these products within a meal.”
Together with Greenpeace, the group regretted that politicians accepted further restrictions on the naming of alternative products containing no dairy.
Terms like “almond milk” and “soy yoghurt” are already banned in Europe after the bloc’s top court ruled in 2017 that purely plant-based products cannot be marketed using terms such as milk, butter or cheese, which are reserved for animal products.